Sunday, June 12, 2011

A Glorious Morning

I have this fence line along the front of the house that, for the past few years, has been used for growing Grapes. The Concord Grapes that I grew were wonderful! Sadly, Pierce Disease finally reared its ugly head and the plants died. This wasn't a shock, I knew it was coming, that is the problem with growing that type of Grape in South Carolina. But I digress.
I had grandiose plans of growing Passion Fruit (Passiflora edulis) up there this year.
At the rate the seedlings are growing, the new millennium will be here before they are even up to the first rail. So, what to do?
I had a friend of mine give me some Morning Glory seeds at one of the last plant swaps, they are of some beautiful colors, so why not!?

The Morning Glory, which is in the family Convolvulaceae contains at least 50 genera and more than 1000 species. Wild morning glories have been traced back to ancient China where they were used for medicinal and ceremonial purposes. It was introduced to the Japanese in the 9th century, and they were the first to cultivate it as an ornamental flower. Aztec civilizations used the juice of some morning glory species native to Central America to create rubber-like substances, according to the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Most Morning Glory flowers curl up and close during the warm parts of the day, and are fully open in the morning, thus their name. On a cloudy day, the flower may last until night.
In cultivation, most are treated as perennial plants in frost-free areas and as annual plants in colder climates, but some species tolerate winter cold. They are very easy to grow no matter where you live.
Morning Glories should be planted in full sun. They are a vine, and can reach 10 feet in length, so unless you want them sprawling across your yard, you will want to grow them against a fence or trellis. Because of their fast growth, twining habit, attractive flowers, and tolerance for poor, dry soils, some Morning Glories are excellent vines for creating Summer shade on building walls when trellised, thus keeping the building cooler and reducing cooling costs.

You should sow the seeds 1/2 inch deep, and 8 to 12 inches apart. Once planted, you can almost forget that they are there, practically thriving on neglect. Do not over water either.

Morning Glories have leaves that are heart-shaped, 4 - 5 inches long. The flowers which can be as much as 8 inches across, though most are around 4 inches, come in an array of colors. Blue, White, Pink, Red, Purple, Speckled and all combinations of these. The seeds that I planted are of a really unusual coloring.
This is what my cultivar 'Fujishibori' will look like:

According to the seed packets that I planted on the fence, I should have about 10 different color flowers, including the 'Fujishibori' listed above. Of course, this will greet my wife and I every morning when we leave for work. By the time we come home in the evening they will be gone. I have a solution for this. In the same area that I planted the Morning Glories, I also planted something else. Moonflower (Ipomea alba) which is a popular fragrant variety of Morning Glory. It opens in the evening with a sweet fragrance and lasts throughout the night until the morning sun comes along.

Then of course, the whole thing starts all over again.
Morning Glories produce round seed pods in clusters hanging from their vines.

The pods turn papery brown and become hard. The seeds themselves are dark-brown to matte-black, wedge shaped, and are sized between 1/8" and 1/4" long. I mention the seeds because, once you plant Morning Glories in your yard, you will find them reproducing themselves for YEARS!! This is actually the first time in eight years that I have actually "planted" them myself. I am still pulling volunteer plants from my garden. They NEVER seem to come back up where I want them. So I am offering this advice, be very careful when deciding whether to plant these beauties in your yard. Morning Glories can reproduce so much that, in the states of Arizona and Arkansas it is considered a Federal Noxious Weed, and technically it's illegal to grow, import, possess, or sell seeds.
I am not sure what the penalty is or if it is heavily enforced, but I wanted you to know that was out there. If you want to plant them, but are worried about the reseeding issues, there is a fairly easy solution. Immediately after the flowers fade and fall, or just as the seed pod is forming, pull it off before the pod turns brown and hard.
There are some significances associated with Morning Glory flowers. They represent the month of September as one of the official birth flowers (Asters being the other). Some couples like to give traditional flowers on their wedding anniversary or use the traditional flower in the decorations of an anniversary celebration. Morning Glories are used for the 11th wedding anniversary.
I hope you have enjoyed this adventure through a "Glorious Day"?
I will conclude this blog today with a picture of how the Morning Glory ends its day.

Happy Growing!


  1. Fabulous picture on the trellis/house side Darren. If it's yours, I'm completely in awe...and jealous.

  2. sometimes gardenerAugust 7, 2014 at 1:11 PM

    Thank you for your information about morning glories. I live in Arkansas, and a volunteer sprout come up in a marigold plant I purchased at a nursery. I didn't know what it was, but some kind of vine (I'm not a native of Arkansas. I grew up in Massachusetts. I remember my grandmother having morning glories and when someone told me they thought that was what I had I was glad). The only other thing I knew about morning glories was that a friend in Southern California had a yard full of them when they purchased their house and she spent quite a bit of time pulling them all out. But I thought, that's So. Cal where things grow year round and thought the morning glory would be okay here. We get pretty cold winters (I'm in northern Arkansas). I left it since my marigold was planted at the base of a trellis that I had nothing growing on. In just a couple of months the vine grew like crazy and covers the whole trellis! It is beginning to have small blue flowers. I didn't know about the law. Should I just cut the whole thing down and dig out the root now, or what would you suggest? I don't want it taking over, and I don't want to break the law!! Thanks for your advice!

  3. Hello Sometimes Gardener,
    I am not sure how hard the laws are regulated, I just know they were on the books.
    The best thing I can suggest is, cut off the seed pods as best you can, you won't get them all. Then pull up any volunteers you see next year. If you can control one or two, don't forget to pull the seed pods, there should not be any problem.
    You might also want to touch base with your local extension agent and see what they have to say. It might be an old law that is no longer relevant or something else.
    Hope that helps!?